The mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV refers to the transmission of HIV from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, labour, delivery or breastfeeding. MTCT is by far the most common way that children become infected with HIV (90 percent).
Without treatment, the likelihood of HIV passing from mother-to-child is 15-45 percent. However, antiretroviral treatment (ART) and other effective interventions for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) can reduce this risk to below 5 percent.The Need in Increasing access to PMTCT Service through community mobilization & demand creation
FAROF intervention for Maternal health crosses from pre-pregnancy to age 5 by linking communities, primary health facilities and hospitals.
FAROF in Partnership With Society for Family Health (SFH)
PMTCT Event organised by FAROF
FAROF launched PMTCT project in North West and North Central of Nigeria (Kaduna State, Abuja and Benue state) leveraging on other partners programmes
HIV Stigma and Discrimination & PMTCT
HIV-related stigma and discrimination affect a pregnant woman's decision to enrol in PMTCT programmes and interrupt adherence to treatment and retention in care. It has been estimated that over 50 percent of vertical HIV transmissions from mother-to-child globally, can be attributed to the cumulative effect of stigma when accessing PMTCT services.
Our PMTCT Program Approach
Effective PMTCT programmes require women and their infants to receive a cascade of interventions including uptake of antenatal services and HIV testing during pregnancy, use of antiretroviral treatment (ART) by pregnant women living with HIV, safe childbirth practices and appropriate infant feeding, uptake of infant HIV testing and other post-natal healthcare services.
Between 2001 and 2012, new HIV infections among children fell by 52 percent. However, in 2012, there were still an estimated 260,000 new HIV infections among this group.
Moreover, there is an even bigger gap in ART provision for children living with HIV. In 2012, only 34 percent of under 15s living with HIV received ART - nearly half adult ART coverage. In priority countries, only 30 percent of children received HIV treatment. Low ART coverage among children is due mainly to shortfalls in early infant diagnosis (EID) with three priority countries reporting EID coverage of less than 5 percent.
THIO/FAROF PMTCT programmes is seeking grants/funds to significantly expand her outreach approach and in order to meet the target of reducing new HIV infections among children.